Hydrokinesiotherapy, or rehabilitation in water, known since Roman times, is a special therapy that uses movement in water.
It is still used today and considered to be very effective and advantageous for articular and functional recovery in the presence of both chronic and acute diseases. The water facilitates functional recovery, reducing fatigue and pain.
The particularity of this type of treatment lies in the water, not so much for its muscle relaxant effects, but for the diversity of sensory stimuli that it offers. Considering posture as the body’s best response to environmental stimuli in relation to the body segments’ sense of position and the body’s sense of balance in space, we can say we consider water as an extremely stimulating proprioceptive environment.
Hydrokinetic therapy is useful in the postoperative recovery of shoulder, knee and hip surgery, after multiple traumas, on the spine in surgery or after application of peridural blocks for the maintenance of good functionality of the articular surfaces.
Re-education in water, combined with the traditional systems, is the main source of treatment for adhesive capsulitis in the shoulder: a gradual articular movement is regained with passive kinesis, while rehabilitation in water restores the proprioceptive function of the recovered articular movement.