Clinical neuropsychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the diagnosis, evaluation and rehabilitation of patients with alterations in cognitive functions; the clinical neuropsychologist also deals with all emotional and behavioural aspects related to the different neurological conditions and the support of family members of patients with such pathologies.
It deals specifically with neurological patients with outcomes of cranial traumas, vascular diseases such as stroke, brain tumours, dementia, epilepsy, as well as a broad spectrum of developmental disorders such as attention deficits, cognitive delays, learning disorders, and autism. It also deals with any situation that has implications on the person’s cognitive functions, such as subjective memory disorders, concentration and attention issues in studies or daily working life.
STAGES OF THE NEUROPSYCHOLOGIC REHABILITATION PROTOCOL:
Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive and painless procedure, without side effects, in which weak electrical currents (0.5-2 mA) are used to stimulate specific median brain areas used in cognitive processes. This technique, through the flow of current from one electrode to the other, modifies the membrane potential of neurons thus making the stimulated area more or less excitable. International scientific literature has shown that repetitive treatment with tDCS positively affects deficits by enhancing the effects of a classical rehabilitation without producing side effects and with significant benefits to a person’s quality of life.
Pathologies currently treated with tDCS: